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Asceticism 101: How is it Relevant to Our Lives (By Mr. Emmanuel David)

Updated: Feb 9

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Asceticism is a lifestyle characterized by strict self-discipline and self-denial, often pursued for religious, spiritual, or philosophical reasons. People who practice asceticism intentionally abstain from material comforts, pleasures, and indulgences in order to focus on higher spiritual or moral goals. The term "asceticism" comes from the Greek word "askēsis," which means "exercise" or "training."

Asceticism is a philosophy or way of life that involves the renunciation of worldly pleasures and comforts in pursuit of spiritual or moral goals. Its relevance in our lives can vary depending on personal beliefs, cultural context, and individual circumstances. Here are some perspectives on the relevancy of asceticism:

Spiritual growth and Self-Discipline

Spiritual growth and self-discipline are two closely intertwined aspects of asceticism. Practitioners of asceticism often engage in rigorous self-discipline as a means to facilitate their spiritual development.

Ascetic practices often involve self-discipline, self-control, and detachment from material desires. For those seeking spiritual growth, asceticism can be a means to develop inner strength, resilience, and a deeper connection with their chosen spiritual path. It can serve as a way to overcome the distractions of materialism and focus on higher truths.

However, spiritual growth and self-discipline are not just means to an end in asceticism. They are also seen as essential qualities that are cultivated in order to achieve spiritual enlightenment. By practicing self-discipline, ascetics learn to control their thoughts, emotions, and desires. This allows them to focus their attention on the present moment and cultivate mindfulness, which is essential for spiritual growth.

Simplicity and Minimalism

Simplicity and minimalism are foundational principles in asceticism, guiding practitioners to lead uncluttered and intentional lives by reducing attachment to material possessions and focusing on what is essential.

In a consumer-driven society, asceticism can offer an alternative perspective by encouraging simplicity and minimalism. By reducing material possessions and attachments, individuals can experience greater freedom from the pressures of consumerism, which can lead to a more intentional and meaningful life.

Mindfulness and Awareness

Mindfulness and awareness are central components of asceticism, playing a significant role in the practices and philosophy of those who embrace this lifestyle. Mindfulness refers to the state of being fully present in the moment, while awareness involves a deeper understanding of one's thoughts, emotions, and surroundings. In asceticism, these qualities are cultivated to enhance spiritual growth and self-realization.

Ascetic practices often emphasize being fully present in the moment and cultivating mindfulness. By intentionally simplifying one's life and reducing distractions, individuals can become more aware of their thoughts, emotions, and surroundings. This heightened awareness can lead to greater self-understanding and a deeper appreciation for life.

In the context of asceticism, mindfulness and awareness are not just techniques but guiding principles that shape every aspect of an ascetic's life. These practices foster a deep connection with the present moment, self-discovery, and an appreciation for the underlying truths of existence, all of which contribute to the ascetic's pursuit of spiritual growth and enlightenment.

Detachment from the ego

Detachment from the ego is a core principle in asceticism, as it involves freeing oneself from the identification with the individual self and its desires. Ascetics practice detachment from the ego to achieve spiritual growth, self-realization, and a deeper understanding of the nature of existence.

The ego is the sense of self that is based on identification with thoughts, feelings, and experiences. It is the part of us that craves for pleasure, avoids pain, and clings to things. Asceticism can help us to detach from the ego by teaching us to let go of our attachments and to see ourselves as part of a larger whole.

Challenges and Growth

Engaging in ascetic practices, whether temporarily or as a way of life, can present challenges that lead to personal growth and transformation. Facing discomfort, overcoming cravings, and navigating the complexities of a simpler lifestyle can foster resilience and inner strength.

In essence, the challenges of asceticism are not obstacles to be avoided, but integral parts of the journey toward self-realization and spiritual enlightenment. Each challenge provides an opportunity for growth, self-discovery, and the cultivation of qualities that empower ascetics to navigate life with wisdom, compassion, and a deeper understanding of themselves and the world.

Balance and Moderation

While extreme asceticism might not be suitable for everyone, adopting elements of asceticism can encourage a healthier relationship with material possessions and pleasures. It can promote a balanced approach to life, where individuals enjoy comforts while maintaining a degree of detachment and self-control. Personal Choice

The relevance of asceticism ultimately depends on individual values and goals. Some may find fulfillment and purpose in embracing ascetic practices, while others may prioritize different aspects of life. It is essential for each person to evaluate how asceticism aligns with their beliefs and values.

In today's fast-paced and materialistic world, the principles of asceticism can offer an alternative perspective that encourages introspection, mindfulness, and a deeper connection with one's inner self. However, the extent to which one incorporates ascetic practices into their life should be a thoughtful and personal decision.

Cultural and religious traditions

Asceticism holds significance in various cultural and religious traditions around the world. For example, monks, nuns, and spiritual seekers in Buddhism, Jainism, Christianity, and other faiths often embrace ascetic practices as a means to deepen their connection with the divine and achieve higher states of consciousness.

Asceticism has played a significant role in various cultural and religious traditions throughout history. Its relevance can be observed in different ways across different traditions. Here are a few examples:

  • Hinduism: Asceticism is deeply embedded in Hinduism. Renunciants, known as sadhus and sannyasis, detach themselves from material possessions and lead austere lives in pursuit of spiritual realization and liberation (moksha). This practice is rooted in the belief that detachment from worldly desires leads to a deeper understanding of the self and the divine.

  • Buddhism: Asceticism played a pivotal role in the life of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. He initially practiced extreme asceticism before realizing the Middle Way, a balanced path between self-mortification and indulgence. However, ascetic practices such as meditation and monasticism continue to be central to Buddhist teachings, with monks and nuns renouncing worldly attachments to attain enlightenment (nirvana)

  • Christianity: In Christianity, asceticism has taken various forms throughout history. Monasticism, practiced by monks and nuns in secluded communities, involves self-denial and rigorous spiritual discipline. Fasting, prayer, and celibacy are also considered ascetic practices aimed at attaining a closer relationship with God. The Desert Fathers and Mothers of early Christianity are known for their ascetic lifestyles and profound insights.

  • Islam: Islamic asceticism can be seen in practices such as fasting during Ramadan, abstaining from certain foods, and detachment from excessive materialism. Sufism, a mystical dimension of Islam, often emphasizes ascetic practices as a means to purify the soul and draw closer to Allah. Sufi orders may involve vows of poverty and seclusion.

  • Judaism: While not as prominent as in some other traditions, asceticism has appeared in Jewish practices. For example, Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, involves fasting and self-reflection. Jewish mysticism, known as Kabbalah, can also involve ascetic practices to attain spiritual insights.

  • Daoism: Daoism in China emphasizes living in harmony with the natural order (Dao). While not strictly ascetic, some Daoist practices involve simplicity, meditation, and detachment from desires. The ideal is to align oneself with the flow of nature.

  • Sikhism: Asceticism is not as central in Sikhism as in some other traditions, but there is a tradition of renunciation among Sikhs. Nihangs, a Sikh warrior order, often practice asceticism alongside their martial training.

  • Native and indigenous traditions: In various indigenous cultures, ascetic practices might involve vision quests, fasting, and periods of isolation to connect with spirits, seek guidance, or gain wisdom.

The relevancy of asceticism varies within these traditions and has evolved over time due to cultural shifts, social contexts, and individual interpretations. While some practitioners continue to embrace asceticism fervently, others have adopted more flexible approaches that balance spiritual pursuits with engagement in the world. Despite this, the core idea of self-discipline, inner transformation, and detachment from materialism remains significant in many cultural and religious contexts.


In conclusion, the relevance of asceticism is a complex issue that depends on a variety of factors, including individual values, cultural context, and religious beliefs. While some people may find it to be a valuable tool for spiritual growth, others may find it to be too restrictive or impractical. Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to incorporate ascetic practices into one's life is a personal one.

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Tomasio A. Rubinshtein, Philosocom's Founder & Writer

I am a philosopher from Israel, author of several books in 2 languages, and Quora's Top Writer of the year 2018. I'm also a semi-hermit who has decided to dedicate his life to writing and sharing my articles across the globe. Several podcasts on me, as well as a radio interview, have been made since my career as a writer. More information about me can be found here.

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